Facts About Turkey


Facts About Turkey



 Official Name

 Republic of Turkey 

 Date of Foundation

 29 October 1923



 Largest Cities 

 Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana, Antalya 


 814.578 km2

 Geographical Coordinates

 Eastern Meridians 26° and 45° and Northern Parallels 36° and 42° 

 Coastal Borders

 Mediterranean Sea in the south, Aegean Sea in the west and Black Sea in the north


 The official language is Turkish. English is widely spoken in major cities. 


 TL (Turkish Lira) 1 Euro approximately equals to 2,30 Turkish Liras. 

 Time Zone

 GMT+2; CET +1; and EST (US -East) +7

 Business Hours   

 The workweek in Turkey runs from Monday to Friday. Banks, government offices and majority of corporate offices open at 9 AM and close at 5 PM.

 Public Holidays

 There are two types of public holidays in Turkey: Those that fall on the same day each year; and the religious festivals, which change according to the lunar calendar and, therefore, fall on different dates each year.

 1 January, 23 April, 1 May, 19 May, 30 August, 28 & 29 October 



 Visas are easily obtained upon arrival at the air­port and are required for citizens of most countries.


 220V. European standard round two-pin sockets. 

 Health Services

 Cities and major touristic towns have a selection of private inter­national and public hospitals with good standards.


  As with many Mediterranean nations Turkish food is very healthy, fresh and enjoyable.


 Tap water is chlorinated and, therefore, safe to drink. However, it is recommended that you consume bottled water, which is readily and cheaply available.


 Turkey has three GSM operators, all of them offering 3G services and almost 95% coverage over the country. Internet service is available all around the country. 

 International Dial Code